China's Ming Dynasty: Embracing Foreign Trade for Prosperity

What impact did the Ming Dynasty have on China's approach to foreign trade?

1. The Ming Dynasty was founded when the Mongols took over China.

2. The Ming Dynasty opened China up to foreign trade.

3. The Ming Dynasty encouraged foreign missionaries, philosophers, and scientists to come to China.

4. The Ming policy of isolationism ultimately led to its demise.

Answer:

The statement that is true about China's Ming Dynasty is the Ming Dynasty opened China up to foreign trade. The correct option is 2.

During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), China experienced a period of economic expansion and international trade. The Ming emperors implemented policies that promoted maritime exploration and overseas trade expeditions. One of the most famous voyages during this time was led by Admiral Zheng He, who embarked on several expeditions to Southeast Asia, India, and Africa. These expeditions aimed to establish diplomatic relations, showcase China's power, and facilitate trade.

The Ming Dynasty also witnessed the growth of commercial centers and the establishment of trade networks, such as the Maritime Silk Road. This period saw increased interaction with foreign merchants, as well as the arrival of foreign traders and diplomats in Chinese ports.

Therefore, the Ming Dynasty indeed opened China up to foreign trade, marking a significant departure from the previous Yuan Dynasty's more isolationist policies. The correct option is 2.

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